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Daniel Defoe

(1660-1731)

English Author
The only man ever pillioried and who became later a national hero.

Born in London, his Presbyterian father wanted him to become a Dissenter minister.

Consequently, Defoe got a very good education, and was a very good student too.

Later, having no interest for his father's plans, in 1683, Defoe settled as a merchant in London, and was very successful.

The following year, he married Mary Tuffley, a very rich heiress, and then joined the troops of the Duke of Monmouth, rebelling against King James II.

The failure of that rebellion led Defoe to exile.


Travelling then around Europe for three years, Defoe started his writer's career with bitter pamphlets against James II.

Back to England and bankrupt, writing became a more prominent part of his life.

The True-Born Englishman (1701), a pamphlet, was his first success. But in July 1703, he was pillioried for "The Shortest Way with the Dissenters".

On the edge of imprisonment for debts, Defoe contacted an old friend, Robert Harley, Speaker of Parliament, whom he probably knew from his spying days in Scotland, and ended up with a job as a pamphleteer for all kinds of opinions, Tories and Whigs alike.

After the tremendous success of Robinson Crusoe in 1719, Defoe went on with Moll Flanders three years later, using his experience at the Newgate prison as raw material.

portrait of Defoe  
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English Authors:  Anonymous Austen Bronte Chaucer Christie
 Claxton Collins Conrad Darwin Defoe
 Dickens Doyle Bronte Eliot Forster
 Gaskell Hardy James Jerome Kipling
 Lawrence Malory Meredith Milton Scott
 Shakespeare Shelley Smith Somerset Maugham Thackeray
 Walpole Wells Wilde
The first volume of Robinson Crusoe was published on 25 April 1719, and it was a tremendous success

Other famous authors who were imprisoned:

Sir Thomas Malory

Milton

Thoreau

London

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe