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John Milton

(1608-1675)

English Author
His poetry had an immense influence in the XVIIIth century

Born in London into a prosperous family, Milton was educated at home by Thomas Young, a Scottish Presbyterian who presented Milton with a Hebrew Bible and used to trade Latin and Greek verses with him. Milton was a good pupil, studying very had.

In 1623, Charles went to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he began to write poetry in Latin, Italian, and English.

After graduating cum laude at Cambridge, Milton went back to his family home where he spent six years writing L'ALLEGRO, IL PENSEROSO (1632), COMUS (1634), and LYCIDAS (1637)

In 1632 Milton's "On Shakespeare" is published in the Second Folio of Shakespeare's works.

In 1638 -1639 , Milton (like Chaucer, Goethe, Dickens, Shelley , D.H. Lawrence) travels to "continental" Europe, visiting France and staying for a while in Florence, Siena, Rome, Naples, Milan and Venice

In Florence, he visits Galileo, confined by the Inquisition. Galileo's telescope is mentioned in Paradise Lost

In 1642, The Civil War begins in England. Milton marries Mary Powell "for one month", the bride having soon fled back to her Royalist parents. The next year, Milton publishes Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce. Mary would return 3 years later..

While his own brother was a Royalist too, Milton wrote influential tracts attacking the monarchy and supporting the regime of Cromwell.

In 1649, after the execution of King Charles I, Milton is appointed Secretary for the Foreign Tongues by the Council of State.

In his quality of Secretary, Milton published an important number of publications, some being vindications of the Commonwealth, others being answers to attacks against this regime.

Luckily for Milton, who became totally blind in 1652, after the restoration of King Charles II in 1660, he was only briefly imprisoned for his passionate involvement in the Commonwealth.

EIKONKLASTES and the first DEFENSIO were publicly burned.

Mary Powell Milton had died in 1652 after the birth of her fourth child.

None the less, Milton married Katherine Woodcock in 1656.

Katherine delivered a daughter who died six months after her birth. Katherine Woodcock herself died the next year.


Blind, having lost two wives and two children, Milton married his third and final wife Elizabeth Minshull three years later.

In 1667, Milton's masterpiece, Paradise Lost, was published in its original ten-book form.

portrait of Milton  
If you wish further information about this author, please enter

English Authors:  Anonymous Austen Bronte Chaucer Christie
 Claxton Collins Conrad Darwin Defoe
 Dickens Doyle Bronte Eliot Forster
 Gaskell Hardy James Jerome Kipling
 Lawrence Malory Meredith Milton Scott
 Shakespeare Shelley Smith Somerset Maugham Thackeray
 Walpole Wells Wilde

Other Authors of Poetry genre:
Khayam Meredith Poe Tagore

A passionate partisan of Cromwell
Milton published pamphlets against episcopacy and defending civil and religious rights, divorce,

Paradise Lost is Milton's masterpiece.

After the death of Charles I, Milton published THE TENURE OF KINGS AND MAGISTRATES (1649) where he sustains that the people had the right to despose and punish tyrants.

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton

John Milton